Searching for a job is a time-consuming process that takes effort and effective planning. Begin at least six months before your desired start date. Be optimistic and persistent. Job opportunities are available year-round. However, some companies and industries have very specific recruiting and hiring timelines.
Here a breakdown of how recent graduates found their jobs:
- Previous Employment: 33%
- Networking: 25%
- Job Posting (online, newspaper, etc.): 19%
- Career Services: 16%
- Recruiter: 3%
- Academic Department: 3%
On-campus jobs: Click here to see University of Utah student and full-time career positions. The University of Utah has also provided specialized resume tips.
Job Search Steps
Visit your career coach for help during each of these steps.
- Know what you want and what you are qualified for.
- Create a focused strategy to target your top employers.
- Develop strong branding and application materials: resume, elevator speech, LinkedIn profile, etc.
- Network to create connections in desired fields, industries and companies. Don’t just apply online and expect success!
- Apply. Your application should be tailored to a specific position and company. This is completed through: research (company, industry and specific job), networking with professionals in the organization, following your target companies on social media and customizing resumes/cover letters with keywords from the job description and with the company’s specific language.
- Follow-up: if a company provided you with a typical timeline in which hiring decisions would be made, and that date has passed, follow up with a polite phone call or email.
International Students & the Job Search
There are both legal and cultural barriers involved in international students’ job searches. Visas and work authorization processes can be complicated, and the cultural differences in resumes, interviews and networking can be unsettling. Find your career coach for your major, and discuss your concerns with them.
- International Student & Scholar Services in the Union Building has excellent resources for job searching and details regarding CPT (Curricular Practical Training) and OPT (Optional Practical Training).
- Learn about Business Student Internship program (BUS 5880) for an off-campus internship through a CPT visa.
- Use GoinGlobal (in UCareerPath) to research H1-B employers.
- Find other resources for international students here.
Job Offers and Negotiations
Helpful tips & suggestions on what to do once you receive an offer.
So you have an offer
- Say thank you, and let them know you are excited to consider the offer!
- Ask for offer details in writing.
- Find out when the employer needs your decision; use the time to research benefits/salaries and weigh other options.
- Be respectful of their deadline, and respond within the timeframe as soon as you feel comfortable. If absolutely necessary, you can request an extension on the deadline.
- Stay in communication with the employer as long as you are considering the offer.
- When making major career decisions, it can be helpful to use a SWOT analysis to weigh your options.
Negotiation and Salary
Take the entire offer into account; salary is not the only factor. Medical/Dental benefits, 401(k), bonuses and advancement potential will impact the total value of the package.
Use data to determine what you and your experience are worth; consider comparable salaries in your area. Conduct negotiation in person if possible, if not, then by phone, never over e-mail.
Salary.com, Glassdoor.com, Payscale.com, Nerdwallet.com/cost-of-living-calculator/, NACE Salary Calculator. Negotiations are complicated; meet with your career coach for specific guidance.
Diversity & Careers
- SEO – a professional development and internship program targeting talented Black, Hispanic, and Native American undergrads. Internships available in investment banking, law, operations, marketing, HR, technology, and more.
- INROADS – professional development and internship program for outstanding, diverse, undergraduate college students pursuing a major or career interest in business, finance, accounting, supply chain management, information systems, management, and more.
- ML4T – career preparation, internship, and MBA prep program for talented Black, Hispanic and Native American undergrads.
- Feminist Jobs – Job postings from organizations that support the mission of the Feminist Majority Foundation.
- IMDiversity.com – Career site devoted to the needs of minority and diversity candidates.
- ISNA – Job postings from the Islamic Society of North America
- LatPro – Jobs site for hispanic and bilingual professionals (Spanish/English and Portuguese/English)
- LGBT CareerLink – Job site for LBGT friendly employers
- Orthodox Union – Job site for the Orthodox Union, many of which are Jewish faith based organizations.
- Native Jobs – career site for Native Americans
Ethical Job Search Policies
The Eccles School has a strong reputation to uphold. Students need to act ethically in the job search. Once students accept a position, they should stop recruiting. Reneging on a company will result in loss of access to career resources per the Student Code.
Once You’ve Accepted an Offer
- Stop your job search and remove your name from consideration by any other employers
- Realize that you have now given the company your word that you will work for them
- Ask your employer how you can prepare for the job, learn about the company and generally hit the ground running
If You Decline an Offer
- Notify the employer by phone of your decision, then follow up in writing
- Express appreciation of the offer and respect for the company
- Be careful in explaining your reason for declining — it’s better to say too little than too much
- You will damage your reputation if you decline because of a situation you were aware of at the beginning of the interview process; Example: You will infuriate an employer if you say “I don’t want to move out of state” if you knew at the outset the job was located out of state.
Breaking Your Word
It is unethical and unprofessional to go back on your word by declining an offer after you have accepted it. This is called “reneging,” which means to back out of an agreement or go back on a promise. Reneging is wrong, may permanently harm your reputation, and can cause the employer to think poorly of all students from the U. If you have signed a contract and then you renege, you might be sued by the employer, especially if the employer has spent money on your training, transportation or bonus.